Leyden Bibliography

This page lists suggested readings about John Leyden and his life, including a partial listing of his works. When possible, links have been provided to free online editions.

Biographies and Memoirs:

--. “Dr. John Leyden, Orientalist,” The British Medical Journal, Vol. 1, No. 3449 (Feb. 12, 1927). 300-301.

--. “Dr. John Leyden,” The Annual Biography and Obituary, For the Year 1821. Vol. V. London: Longman, Hurst, Rees, Ormf, and Brown, 1821.

Brown, I.M. John Leyden (1775-1811): His Life and Works. Thesis (doctoral)—University of Edinburgh, 1955.

Leyden, John. Malay Annals: Translated from the Malay Language, by the Late Dr. John Leyden with Introduction by Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles, F.R.S. London: Longman, Hurst, Rees, Ormf, and Brown, 1821.

McDonald, Donald. “The Indian Medical Service: A Short Account of Its Achievements 1600-1947.” Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine. Vol. 49 (November 1955). 13-17.

Morton, James. The Poetical Remains of the late Dr. John Leyden with Memoirs of His Life. London: Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown, 1819.

Oaten, Edward Farley. A Sketch of Anglo-Indian Literature (The Le Bas prize essay for 1907). London: K. Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co., 1908.

Reith, John. Life of Dr. John Leyden: Poet and Linguist. Galashiels: A. Walker & Son, 1923.

[Click to read Reith's short bibliographic essay assessing the state of Leyden scholarship as of 1923.]

Scott, Sir Walter. “Biographical Memoir of John Leyden, M.D.” in The Edinburgh Annual Register for 1811, Vol. 4, Second Part. Edinburgh: James Ballantyne and Co., 1813.

Seshadri, P. An Anglo-Indian Poet: John Leyden. Madras: Higginbotham, 1912.

Sinton, James. Dr. John Leyden, Poet and Orientalist. Hawick, 1907.

Swinton, W.E. “John Leyden, physician, poet and linguist.” Proceedings of the Royal College of Physicians, Edinburgh. 19(2) (April 1989). 213-217.

Selected works by John Leyden:

--. A historical and philosophical sketch of the discoveries & settlements of the Europeans in northern & western Africa, at the close of the eighteenth century. Edinburgh: Printed by J. Moir for T. Brown, 1799.

--. Journal of a tour in the Highlands and Western islands of Scotland in 1800, by John Leyden, ed., with a bibliography, by James Sinton. Edinburgh and London: W. Blackwood and Sons, 1903.

--. Scottish Descriptive Poems: with some illustrations of Scottish literary antiquities. Edinburgh: Mundell and Sons, 1803.

--. A comparative vocabulary of the Barma, Maláyu, and T’hái languages. Serampore: printed at the Mission Press, 1810.

--. Scenes of Infancy: descriptive of Teviotdale Edinburgh: Printed by J. Ballantyne and Co., for Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown, [etc.], 1811.

--. Sketch of Borneo. Batavia: Batavian Society of Arts and Sciences, 1814.

--. Malay Annals, Translated from the Malay Language by the Late Dr. John Leyden, with an Introduction by Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles, FRS. London: Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, and Green, 1821.

--. Memoirs of Zehir-ed-Din Muhammed Baber, Emperor of Hindustan, Written by Himself, in the Jaghatai Turki, and Translated, Partly By the Late John Leyden, Esq. M.D. Partly by William Erskine, Esq. London: Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, and Green, 1826.

--. Miscellaneous papers relating to Indo-China and the Indian Archipelago: reprinted for the Straits branch of the Royal Asiatic Society. London: Trübner, 1886-1887.